Thursday, March 7, 2013

Hakim Marlon Reis : Movement to Combat Electoral Corruption (MCCE)

Semalam 06/03/2013, saya berkesempatan untuk menyertai satu perkongsian mengenai sistem pilihan raya serta mengenai pergerakan Movement to Combat Electoral Corruption (MCCE) bersama Hakim Marlon Reis dari Brazil.
Antara perkara yang amat menarik perhatian saya adalah mengenai sistem pilihan raya dan kesedaran rakyat Brazil mengenai hak mereka untuk memilih pemimpin yang bersih dari rasuah. Hakim Marlon Reis ini adalah salah seorang yang bertanggungjawab dalam usaha mengumpulkan 1.3 juta tandatangan rakyat Brazil sebagai usul ke Parlimen bagi meluluskan satu undang-undang yang menyekat calon pilihan raya yang terlibat dalam rasuah daripada bertanding.

Antara sistem yang amat ketara perbezaannya dengan Malaysia ialah:-  

1.      Suruhanjaya Pilihan Raya di Brazil adalah dianggotai oleh para Hakim,
2.      Pengundian di lakukan secara eloktronik,

Sedikit maklumat lanjut:-

Ficha Limpa (English: Clean Slate) or Complementary Law. 135 of 2010 is a law that was Brazilian amended the Law on Conditions of Ineligibility or Complementary Law. 64 of 1990 originated from a popular initiative bill devised by Judge Marlon Reis which gathered about 1.3 million signatures in order to increase the suitability of the candidate.

The law makes a candidate who has been impeached, resigned to avoid impeachment, or is convicted by a decision of a collective body (with more than one judge) ineligible for eight years, even if there is the possibility of appeals.

The project was approved in the Chamber of Deputies on May 5, 2010 and also passed the Federal Senate on May 19, 2010 by unanimous vote. It was sanctioned by the President, becoming the Complementary Law No. 135 of June 4, 2010. This law prohibits politicians convicted in collegial decisions of appeals may apply. In February 2012, the Supreme Federal Court (STF) found the law constitutional and valid for the next elections have been held in Brazil, and this represented a victory for the position advocated by the Superior Electoral Court in the 2010 elections.

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